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UN Women/Second Chance Education Programme

How Does Living with In-Laws Affect Women's Employment?

Women in India have one of the lowest rates of labour force participation in the world. They also co-reside with their parents-in-law at unusually high rates.

Women and Girls Work In the Media March 2023

In recent research (Jayaraman and Khan 2023), we ask whether co-residence with fathers- and mothers-in-law reduces employment among married women in India. The challenge in answering this question is that co-residence with in-laws is a choice, and unobserved reasons for this choice may be correlated with a woman’s employment decisions.

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